role of FCRgamma in double negative T regulatory cell function and their expansion by lentivirally-transduced dendritic cells. by Christopher W. Thomson

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We hypothesize that FcRgamma has a required to maintain alphabetaTCR +CD4-CD8- double-negative (DN) T regulatory (Treg) cell function in lymphoproliferative and transplant models, and that FcRgamma-sufficient DN Treg cells could be expanded by lentivirally-transduced dendritic cells (DCs). FcRgamma-deficient lpr mice were created and the phenotype demonstrated by increased mortality and accelerated lymphoproliferation, with a marked increase in peripheral DN T cells. Compared to FcRgamma +/+ lpr DN T cells, the expanded DN T cells from FcRgamma -/- lpr mice were hyperproliferative and had lower ability to suppress CD8+ T cells both in vitro and in vivo. These results indicate that FcRgamma deficiency significantly impairs DN T regulatory cell function and this further decrease in regulatory function combined with their hyperproliferative phenotype contribute to the exacerbation of lymphoproliferative disease observed in FcRgamma-deficient lpr mice. To further examine the function of FcRgamma, we demonstrated that FcRgamma-deficient DN T cells were unable to prolong donor-specific allograft survival when adoptively transferred to recipient mice. Molecular analysis determined that within DN Treg cells, FcRgamma associates with the TCR complex and that both FcRgamma and Syk are phosphorylated in response to TCR crosslinking. These results indicate that FcRgamma deficiency significantly impairs the ability of DN Treg cells to down-regulate allogeneic immune responses both in vitro and in vivo and that FcRgamma plays a role in mediating TCR signaling in DN Treg cells. In the final part of the study I investigated the hypothesis that recipient-derived DCs transduced with donor MHC class I molecules can serve to expand antigen-specific FcRgamma-sufficient DN Treg cells. Mature DCs transduced with a Lentiviral vector that engineered expression of MHC class I Ld effectively expanded both FcRgamma -/- and FcRgamma+/+ DN T cells. However, after expansion, only the FcRgamma+/+ DN Treg cells maintain their ability to suppress CD8+ T cells in vitro. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of the ex vivo expanded FcRgamma+/+ DN Treg cells prolonged Ld+ skin grafts, while expanded FcRgamma-/- had no significant effect. In conclusion, we found that FcRgamma has a role in DN Treg cell function and FcRgamma-sufficient DN Treg cells can be expanded by lentivirally-transduced DCs.

Book details

The Physical Object
Pagination188 leaves.
Number of Pages188
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21549403M
ISBN 109780494219126

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