Aspects of the synoptic climatology of the southern South American sector. by Andrew P. Sturman

Cover of: Aspects of the synoptic climatology of the southern South American sector. | Andrew P. Sturman

Published by University of Birmingham, Department of Geography in Birmingham .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

SeriesOccasional publications -- no.5.
ContributionsUniversity of Birmingham. Department of Geography.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13660963M

Download Aspects of the synoptic climatology of the southern South American sector.

This study shows a synoptic climatology of warm fronts in Southeastern South America (SESA). Data from Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) was used to identify warm fronts from to This study shows a synoptic climatology of warm fronts in Southeastern South America (SESA).

Data from Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) was used to identify warm fronts from to The identification method was based on the magnitude of meridional gradient of ‐hPa equivalent potential temperature (θ e) and ‐hPa wind by: 6.

2 23 Abstract 24 Prevailing wind along the west coast of South America is equatorward, driven by the 25 southeast Pacific anticyclone. The wind induces strong coastal upwelling supports one that 26 of the most important fisheries in the world.

his region lacks a dense network of in situ T 27 observations, so the high resolution (°) NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis isFile Size: 4MB.

Synoptic circulation patterns, defined as anomalies in sea level pressure (SLP), hPa geopotential height (Z), and hPa wind speed (V) and referred to as large-scale meteorological patterns (LSMPs), are characterized using the self-organizing maps approach over southern South America. Results show a wide range of possible LSMP types over a year period of by: 2.

Synoptic Climatology of the Southern Beaufort Sea Troposphere with Comparisons to Surface Winds Matthew G. Asplin1,2,*, David B. Fissel1, Tim N. Papakyriakou2 and David G. Barber2 1ASL Environmental Sciences Inc., Victoria, British Columbia, Canada 2Department of Environment and Geography, Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Introduction. Synoptic climatology was born from the desire to better understand synoptic-scale processes of the mid-latitudes: the movement of air masses, pressure centers, weather systems, and fronts across space and in time. Thus, much of the early synoptic climatological literature is based directly or indirectly upon the Bergeron-school theories of the evolution of the mid-latitude cyclone:.

The circumpolar Antarctic current influencing the southern continental extreme is situated between 50and 60 south latitude. The present narrowness of the water connection between South America and Antarctica, however, makes this great oceanic river suffer perturbations and modifies its by:   Identification and analysis of synoptic- and larger-scale circulation patterns and their impact on regional and local climates is a major research theme in the field of synoptic climatology (Barry and Carleton ).As part of this field, weather and circulation types, or weather regimes, can be determined from hydrodynamic measures, such as surface pressure variability, geopotential heights Cited by:   The model setup includes triply nested, two-way-interacting domains centered over the eastern South Pacific and the western coast of southern South America, with horizontal grid intervals of45, and 15 km.

Boundary conditions are provided from NCEP–NCAR reanalyzed by: Moreover, the statistical characteristics of extreme snowfall days in Sapporo with their synoptic climatology are not clarified to date.

This article identifies and describes the synoptic patterns of SLP, hPa moisture and wind field, and hPa G p H associated with topmost snowfall intensity days in Sapporo from to To analyze the synoptic climatological features, PCA and Cited by: 4.

A synoptic climatology of daily rainfall events is developed for the Central Wheatbelt of southwestern Australia over the April-October growing season for the years The literature on South American synoptic climatology has mostly dealt with individual rainfall events, specific seasons or a limited number of years.

In addition, statistical characteristics of the weather types in southern South America and their link to daily rainfall are lacking. Thus,Cited by:   A climatology of anticyclones generated by an objective automatic scheme applied to 15 years of once-daily Australian Bureau of Meteorology hemispheric analyses is presented.

Contour maps of the anticyclone system density, positions of formation and dissipation together with other statistics are shown. The distribution of anticyclones through the hemisphere was found to be dominated by a mid Cited by: Synoptic and Dynamic Climatology provides the first comprehensive account of the dynamical behaviour and mechanisms of the global climate system and its components, together with a modern survey of synoptic-scale weather systems in the tropics and extratropics, and of the methods and applications of synoptic climate classification.

It is unrivalled in the scope and detail of its by: This book introduces the methods of synoptic climatology ― the relationship between the atmospheric circulation and the surface environment ― and shows the vital importance of this approach in the understanding of environmental systems.

This innovative and up-to-date text is both a primer for environmental scientists and a text in applied Cited by: Regional drought in the southern of South America - physical aspects. Seca regional no sul da América do Sul - aspectos físicos Predictors Indices Proposed from the Synoptic Climatology Perspective.

On the functioning of the Southern Oscillation in the South American Sector, Part I, Surface Climate. Monthly Weather Review. Instructors are often challenged when teaching a course such as Climatology because of the wide range of background in subject matter among the students. Climatology provides a thorough foundation in the processes contributing to the condition of the climatic system for students with little background while still providing the depth and rigor sufficient for the upper-level undergraduate or.

about climate change. (1x2) (2) State THREE ways in which humans have contributed to climate change. (3x1) (3) One of the results of climate change is the increase in temperature.

State TWO negative impacts that an increase in temperature will have on humans. (2x1) (2)File Size: 2MB. The El Niño–Southern Oscillation exerts a strong influence on the global climate, including South America, where understanding of the phenomenon first emerged.

This Review outlines the Author: Wenju Cai. CLIMATOLOGY-DEFINATION, NATURE AND SCOPE The study of the Earth falls into four broad categories: I. The solid lithosphere II.

The liquid hydrosphere III. The gaseous atmosphere IV. The life biosphere Climatology studies the gaseous atmosphere Climatology is the science of climate which study the Physical state of the atmosphere: File Size: KB. On the one hand it offers a broad synoptic perspective but also considers the regional standpoint as it is this that affects what people need from climatology, albeit water resource managers or engineers etc.

Aspects on the topic of climate change – what is often considered a Author: Shih-Yu (Simon) Wang, Robert R.

Gillies. Video shows what synoptic climatology means. The science of describing an entire weather situation at a specific location. Synoptic climatology Meaning. How. Richard H. Skaggs, Climatology in American Geography, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 94, 3, (), ().

Wiley Online Library DANIEL J. LEATHERS and ANDREW W. ELLIS, SYNOPTIC MECHANISMS ASSOCIATED WITH SNOWFALL INCREASES TO THE LEE OF LAKES ERIE AND ONTARIO, International Journal of Climatology, 16, 10, ( Cited by: Synoptic approach: When the synoptic method is used, emphasis is on the use of synoptic chart as the main analytic method.

The meaning of synopsis is a condensed statement of the conditions of the atmosphere at a given time. Climatology is also differentiated by using following scales: Microclimatology.

“Climate is what you expect. Weather is what you get.” Weather is the condition of the atmosphere over a brief period of example, we speak of today’s weather or the weather this week. Climate represents the composite of day-to-day weather over a longer period of time.

A climatologist attempts to discover and explain the impacts of climate so that society can plan its activities. Books. Ramagethe first book on monsoon climate, would be useful for introducing monsoons to the classroom.

Lighthill and Pearce and Chang and Krishnamurti describe the physical and dynamic processes of monsoons. Fein and Stephens helps with understanding the multifaceted aspects, including the socio-economic and historical, of the monsoon. This book is divided into four sections that cover sub-disciplines in climatology.

The first section contains four chapters that pertain to synoptic climatology, i.e., the study of weather disturbances including hurricanes, monsoon depressions, synoptic waves, and severe thunderstorms; these weather systems directly impact humanity.

The climatology of hPa wind and rainfall in observations and CMIP5 models is shown in Fig. In observations (Fig. A), the strong southwesterly winds flow from the Indian Ocean to the Bay of Bengal (BOB), all the way to the northern SCS, and then turn to eastern China, the Korean peninsula, and southwesterly winds affect the climate in East Asia with the southerly winds.

the synoptic meteorologist's house in order, they wanted to do likewise for the climatologist. From Bergeron's initiative, a considerable volume of research has sprung, some of it avowedly climatological, some frankly applied to the problems of the forecaster.

This work divides itself naturally into airmass climatology and synoptic climatology. Synoptic and Dynamic Climatology provides the first comprehensive account of the dynamical behaviour and mechanisms of the global climate system and its components, together with a modern survey of synoptic-scale weather systems in the tropics and extratropics, and of the methods and applications of synoptic climate classification.

It is unrivalled in the scope and detail of its Edition: 1st Edition. Get this from a library. Synoptic climatology in environmental analysis: a primer.

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The best book on synoptic climatology. A book that every aspiring (future) climatologist should read. It covers everything you need in this field: methods, specific tecniques for analysis and all the fundamental theories you must master in atmospheric sciences.5/5.

Snowfall distribution in southern Alaska during large snowfall events (>12 inches/day) is complex and dependent on several small-scale factors.

Output from highresolution WRF simulations was used to provide further insight into factors that contribute to differences in precipitation patterns. Common synoptic patterns among large snowfall events and cities were studied to create a snow Author: Kristy C.

Carter. Climatology Free pdf books from Bookyards, one of the world's first online libraries to offer ebooks to be downloaded for free. Atmospheric classifications and synoptic climatology Show all authors.

Aspects of the synoptic climatology of central south England. Meteorological Magaz Some aspects of the synoptic climatology of the British Isles as measured by simple indices.

Meteorological Magaz Google by: Properties for sale in South America from Savills, world leading estate agents. From country estates to city apartments, your ideal property is just a click away. Climatology, branch of the atmospheric sciences concerned with both the description of climate and the analysis of the causes of climatic differences and changes and their practical consequences.

Climatology treats the same atmospheric processes as meteorology, but it seeks as well to identify the slower-acting influences and longer-term changes of import, including the circulation of the.

T Introduction to Climatology and Atmosphere 1. Definition, Nature and Scope 2. Importance of Climatology in modern time. -- Physical climatology is a main aspect meteorology from which most of its basic principles are drawn -- the focus is on: i.

The study of solar energy- its transformation at a location and its Synoptic climatology: File Size: KB. Mean sea-level pressure reconstructions for the South Atlantic sector of the Southern Oceans were used to evaluate the temporal stability of the relationships between northern Patagonia precipitation and high-latitude climatic variations since ad The influence of high-latitude circulation on precipitation appears to be more significant Cited by:.

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This modern field of study is regarded as a branch of the atmospheric sciences and a subfield of physical geography, which is one of the Earth sciences.Synoptic Climatology; Synoptic Climatology. Synoptic climatology, which is the study of the relationships between atmospheric circulation with local and regional climate, has historically been an important research emphasis at MSU.

The focus of much of this research has been on the central United States and the Great Lakes region.

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