Agricultural policy and structural reforms in the Baltics prospects for environmental benefits by Meyers, William H.

Cover of: Agricultural policy and structural reforms in the Baltics | Meyers, William H.

Published by Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa .

Written in English

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Places:

  • Baltic States,
  • Baltic States.

Subjects:

  • Agriculture and state -- Baltic States.,
  • Agricultural productivity -- Baltic States -- Statistics.,
  • Environmental policy -- Baltic States.,
  • Baltic States -- Economic policy.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 17).

Book details

StatementWilliam H. Meyers and Natalija Kazlauskiene.
SeriesBaltic report ;, 93-BR 10
ContributionsKazlauskiene, Natalija.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD1995.75.Z8 M49 1993
The Physical Object
Pagination17 p. ;
Number of Pages17
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1240492M
LC Control Number94622126

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Agricultural Policy and Structural Reforms in the Baltics: Prospects for the Environmental Benefits Book. Full-text available This volume is intended for agricultural policy makers and.

Agricultural Policy and Structural Reforms in the Baltics: Prospects for the Environmental Benefits. Natalija Kazlauskiene, William H. Meyers March [BR 10] The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms affecting the food and agricultural sectors.

The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms affecting the food and agricultural sectors.

The environmental problems related to agriculture now and in the recent past are more in the area of chemical and animal waste runoff than in soil erosion. The radical change in economic incentives and progressing structural change in farming Cited by: 3. Low incomes and high unemployment in rural areas are issues of concern to policy makers in all countries.

With the ongoing structural adjustment in primary agriculture employment opportunities are diminishing, while off-farm employment in rural areas is growing, albeit gradually.

This development has important economic, social and political implications with respect to establishing a. The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms affecting the food and agricultural sectors.

The environmental problems related to agriculture now and in the recent past are more in the area of chemical and animal waste runoff than in soil : Natalija Kazlauskiene and William H.

Meyers. The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have been undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms that greatly affect the food and agricultural sectors. Privatisation and structural change in agriculture in the Baltic countries can be broadly divided into two periods: dramatic changes between and more evolutionary movements since While, mostly for political reasons, all the Baltic countries applied restitution of former ownership rights.

Agrarian Reforms of the 20th Century in Russia: Impacts on Agricultural Sector and Food Security: /ch Current political and economic reforms, as well as the development of market relations and private property rights, need a retrospect to the experience of the. All EU countries in the Baltic Sea catchment are experiencing a structural transformation in agriculture – the number of farms is decreasing while farm size is l, the acreage of agricultural land remains fairly stable.

In Germany, Denmark, and Sweden the structural transformation from many small farms to fewer, larger farms has come the furthest, but rate of transformation.

Inthe Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union set out on the road to establishing market economies by liberalizing prices, dismantling the instruments of central planning, and initiating a process of fundamental structural reforms.

6Policy Brief Agricultural Policy Reform in South Africa Introduction With a surface area of million km2 and a population of million, South Africa is one of the largest countries on the African continent.

It is also the largest African economy, with a per capita gross domestic product (GDP). The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have been undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms that greatly affect the food and agricultural sectors.

Among the republics of the former Soviet Union, they are progressing most rapidly in the privatization of land and production assets Agricultural policy and structural reforms in the Baltics book in the transition to a market economy. The papers in this report describe these reforms and.

programme of comprehensive economic reforms in the Baltic countries (the case of Estonia serves as the “lead story”) post independence. It gives particular weight to reforms of the macro economy and trade policy, and to the privatisation programme.

It concludes, firstly, that the Baltic countries opted for the right set of institutional. These reviews provide comprehensive assessments, according to different angles, of countries’ agricultural policies, including OECD estimates of the level of support; major reform efforts and their potential impacts; or conduciveness of the broad policy framework to generating the innovation that will improve agricultural productivity sustainably.

Are the three Baltic countries, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, ready for accession to the European Union. Have their economies overcome the problems of transition. The answers to these questions and their implications for policy are provided in this collection of analyses.

Rather than a country-by-country description, the volume provides a cross-country perspective of developments from   This book provides a critical and comparative analysis of the implementation of this policy, and in particular the strategy promoted by the World Bank.

The preservation of large-scale production is the key to Estonia's success while its eradication from Latvia and Lithuania did not produce a family farm system. This book is about agricultural policies in developing countries. It concerns the methods used by governments to change the ecomonic and social framework within which agricultural production takes place: by influencing the prices of farm inputs and outputs, by modifying agricultural institutions, and by promoting new technologies in s: 2.

The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have been undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms that greatly affect the food and agricultural sectors. Among the republics of the former Soviet Union, they are progressing most rapidly in the privatization of land and production assets and in the transition to a market economy.

Several EU funds assist structural reforms and progressive regional development in the Baltic States. The EU’s strategy aims at making European regions actively participating in nation growth. However, historic administrative and territorial divisions often do not cope with the modern digital societies and “smart specialization” trends.

of Agriculture Electronic Outlook Report from the Economic Research Service WRS April Recent Agricultural Policy Reforms in North America Steven Zahniser, Ed Young, and John Wainio Abstract The United States, Mexico, and Canada have each made significant changes to their agricultural policies over the past several years.

The European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is one of the most important and controversial European Union (EU) policies.

While the levels of direct payments before the reform in the Baltic Structural and Cohesion Policies, Directorate-General Internal Policies, Brussels: The European Parliament.

Agricultural and Rural Development Policies in the Baltic Countries - October Low incomes and high unemployment in rural areas are issues of concern to policy makers in all countries.

With the ongoing structural adjustment in primary agriculture employment opportunities are diminishing, while off-farm employment in rural areas is growing. First published inthis volume responds to the challenges faced in post-Communist Eastern Europe in the privatization and decollectivisation of agriculture.

The contributors feature specialists in agriculture, finance, economics and political science. They begin with discussions on the political economy of privatization and a historical overview and continue with thoughts on.

2 Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy CAP REFORMS OVER TIME Introduction of milk quotas in The first CAP reform was the introduction of the milk quota in The milk quota was put into place as a means to control dairy production and overall EU expenditures. The reform. Finland’s geographical proximity and long-established connections to the Baltic states provide a solid business base in Northern Europe.

Increased demand for consumer goods, agribusiness opportunities, food industry investments and tourism in the region has been generated by structural reforms and development of market economies in the Baltic. The open and booming Baltic countries could do little to impede the flood of capital preceding the global financial crisis and they were hit hard, most of all Latvia.

This timely and engaging book tells the story of how Latvia entered the crisis and how its government took the country out of this most severe crisis. Naturally, it asked what went wrong with the “Baltic economic model”. This paper surveys the programme of comprehensive economic reforms in the Baltic countries (the case of Estonia serves as the “lead story”) post independence.

It gives particular weight to reforms of the macro economy and trade policy, and to the privatisation programme. government reform (except Tallinn, Tartu and some other municipalities) • Connection between the regional development and the industrial policy: Tallinn and surrounding county created 60% of the total GDP and received % of the FDI until ; • Southern part of Estonia is more agrarian, Tartu is an.

Agricultural Policy in the United States: Evolution and Economics (Routledge Textbooks in Environmental and Agricultural Economics Book 13) - Kindle edition by Novak, James L., Pease, James W., Sanders, Larry D. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Agricultural Policy in the United Reviews: 6.

AGRICULTURAL POLICY IN PERSPECTIVE. The development of agriculture in South Africa is often viewed solely as the technical advance, in this century particularly, of large-scale commercial farming specialising in crop and animal production according to the prevailing natural resources and climatic conditions, and taking advantage of both abundant low-cost labour and opportunities for.

Again, the policy of the Baltic countries was more radical than most. Polish agriculture was not entirely collectivized, the other People’s Republics took economic limitations more seriously.

But the Baltic states did not wait, they quickly declared collective farms illegal and started land reform. The swiftness of the recovery owes much to the macroeconomic policy response in many countries—fiscal stimulus helped sustain domestic demand, and monetary policy was eased considerably once financial market confidence was restored.

Structural reform. Estonia makes masks mandatory in public indoor environments At a teleworking session on Monday, the Estonian government approved additional anti-coronavirus measures agreed upon on Friday last week in order to protect the health and lives of Estonian people and prevent the health care system from being put under an excessive strain; among other restrictions, wearing a.

This Policy is the second National Agricultural Policy which has been formulated in order to take into account the current trends and issues that have emerged in the agriculture sector as well as address the challenges that were observed during implementation of the National Agricultural Policy. The main concerns of agricultural policy in the region are agricultural intensification in the Baltic States and food safety and security of the food supply in the rest of the region.

At the same time, contemporary challenges of agriculture related to biofuel production or climate change are not understood and not strategically addressed. The Baltic or Baltic German nobility was the privileged social class in the territories of today's Estonia and existed continuously since the Northern Crusades and the medieval foundation of Terra of the nobility were Baltic Germans, but with the changing political landscape over the centuries, Polish, Swedish and Russian families also became part of the nobility, just.

Far from EU enlargement and deepening being contradictory, the addition of new members to the EU led to new policies such as the redistributive regional policy structural funds consequent on the southward expansion of the s.

They became second only to the Common Agricultural Policy in expenditure. Northern enlargement encouraged environmental, social, and employment policies, while Central. Benefits for social services had risen 44 percent in real terms between andforcing the government to advance “structural expenditure reforms in social security, health care, and.

Russia - Russia - Economy: The Russian republic, by virtue of its great size and abundant natural resources, played a leading role in the economy of the Soviet Union. In the first decades of the Soviet regime, these resources made possible great economic advances, including the rapid development of mining, metallurgy, and heavy engineering, the expansion of the railway network, and a massive.

Europe Baltic states' advice to Greece: 'Do as we did' The Baltic states are fairly new eurozone members. But after turning their economies around following deep recessions, many think Greeks.

agriculture in Europe, across the continent and over time. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is geared to the overall objectives of farm competitiveness, environ-mental sustainability and lively rural communities; all of these impact on farm structures, in various ways.

With political agreement on the CAP reform .(source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary Comparing the process of land reform and privatization, this text includes studies of programmes in ten Central European and Baltic countries.

It indicates similarities and differences between the processes - providing a framework for explaining and interpreting those similarities and differences.This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region.

HELCOM’s Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries inwas based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological.

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